City Profiles


Amritsar was founded in 1577 by the fourth Sikh Guru, Shri Guru Ramdas Ji. Amritsar means “The Tank of Nectar” or “The Tank of Immortality” and the district derives its name from the sacred tank in Amritsar city. Originally, the city was known as Chak Guru Ramdas and later as Ramdas Pur.

Located in the North West region of India, Amritsar is the largest and most important city in Punjab and is a major commercial, cultural, and transportation centre. It is also the centre of Sikhism and the site of the Sikhs’ principal place of worship—the Harmandir Sahib, or Golden Temple.

Amritsar is a centre for textile and chemical industries and is also a hub for food milling and processing, silk weaving, tanning, canning, and machine manufacturing. The city lies on the main highway connecting the city with National Capital - Delhi and is a major rail hub. Amritsar is home to best in class educational institutions such as Guru Nanak Dev University, Government Medical College (GMC), Khalsa College and many more.

  Amritsar City Profile


Ludhiana is Asia's largest hub for bicycle manufacturing and produces more than 50% of India's bicycle consumption of (more than 10 million each year). Ludhiana produces 60% of India's tractor parts and a large share of auto and two-wheeler parts. Many parts used in German cars, Mercedes and BMW are exclusively produced in Ludhiana and are being exported to international markets.

The apparel industry of Ludhiana, popularly known as Ludhiana Hosiery industry provides employment to millions of people and produces world’s best brands of winter wear (woolens and jackets). Most of the top Indian woolen apparel brands are based in Ludhiana. As a result of its dominance in the textile industry it is often dubbed as the “Manchester of India”. Ludhiana also has a growing IT sector with multiple software services and product companies having development centers in the city.

Ludhiana also houses a large number of small-scale industrial units, which produce industrial goods, machine parts, auto parts, household appliances, hosiery, apparel, and garments. The city is one of the largest manufacturer of domestic sewing machines. Hand tools and industrial equipment are other specialties.

  Ludhiana City Profile


Sahibzada Ajit Singh (SAS) Nagar district has been carved out of areas falling in Rupnagar and Patiala districts as 18th district of Punjab on 14th April 2006. The district includes Mohali, Kharar and Dera Bassi tehsils.

Mohali is a city and a commercial hub situated adjacent to the city of Chandigarh in Punjab, India. It was officially named after the eldest son of Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Sahibzada Ajit Singh. Later in 2012 the name was shortened to Ajitgarh ("Fort of Sahibzada Ajit Singh“). However, the name Mohali has remained popular with the locals and tourists. Mohali, along with Chandigarh and Panchkula, form a part of the Chandigarh Tricity. Carved out of the districts falling in Ropar and Patiala, Mohali came into existence on 14th April 2006 as the 18th district of Punjab. Owing to its proximity to Chandigarh, Mohali’s city planning is synchronized with that of Chandigarh.

Mohali has emerged as one of the most important cities in Punjab and the rest of northern India; it is developing rapidly as an IT Hub of the state. Special emphasis has been made by the State Government to make this city the best place to live in Punjab. The city has many international sporting venues consisting of a magnificent cricket stadium, hockey stadium, indoor stadiums and a golf course.

Mohali has world renowned educational institutions including Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), National Institute of Nano-Technology (NINT), Indian School of Business (ISB), Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTECH), National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute (NABI) and National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education (NIPER). The establishment of Northern Indian Institute of Fashion Technology is expected to further boost the textile sector and the availability of manpower within the State.

  Mohali City Profile


“Punjab’s historic and cultural destination”

The name Patiala is derived from Peer Patte Khan and Baba Ala Singh. Patiala district is one of the famous princely states of erstwhile Punjab. It is surrounded by the districts of Fatehgarh Sahib, Rupnagar and the Union Territory of Chandigarh in the north, Sangrur district in the west, Ambala and Kurukshetra districts of neighboring state of Haryana in the east and Kaithal district of Haryana in the south.

Patiala has a long tradition of excellence in education and has emerged as a major education center in the State.The city was one of the first cities in India to get a degree college. Mohindra College, one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in north India, was founded by Maharaja Mohinder Singh in the 1870s. Besides, the Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports, was established within the Moti Bagh Palace following Independence, and is said to be Asia’s largest sports institute. The city also houses best in class academic institutes such as Thapar University, Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjabi University, Government Medical College, Patiala, and University College of Engineering and many more.


Jalandhar is a north western city in Punjab. It is situated 144 km northwest of the state capital, Chandigarh. It was the capital of Punjab before Chandigarh was built.

It is most famous for its sports goods industry. Jalandhar’s steel and iron re-rolling mills, rubber goods, surgical instruments, hand-tools, electric goods, automobile parts, sewing machine factories and handloom products are also well-known in the country.

Jalandhar is home to prominent educational institutes such as Lovely Professional University, Institute of Banking Services (IBS), Guru Nanak Dev University College and many more.

It is situated on the Grand Trunk Road and is a major rail and road junction. The nearest airport is Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport at Amritsar, about 75 km northwest of Jalandhar.


“Major industrial destination”

Bathinda, named after the Bhati Rajput kings, is one of the oldest cities in Punjab.

As a major industrial destination, it boasts of two modern thermal power plants (Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant & Guru Hargobind Thermal Plant), a fertilizer plant and the Guru Gobind Singh refinery. Guru Gobind Singh refinery has the annual capacity is nine million tons or 180,000 barrels per day.

Bathinda has major petrochemical plants, yarn & textiles Plants, and Sugar Mills. HMEL is building a Grassroots oil refinery there. Companies like Ambuja Cement, Ultra tec cement, Vardhman Polytex, Grasim Industries& National Fertilizer Ltd. have set up large scale unit in the district. Major exportable items from the district are Yarn and milk products.

Bathinda has a large railway junction connecting five railway lines. It also has one of the largest food grain and cotton markets in India.

Last Updated Date: 12-Mar-2019